How to Estimate SUS Using the UX-Lite

If you build it, they will come. That may work for a field of dreams. But when it comes to software and products, if you want people to stay and use the product, it had better be useful and usable. Or, at least, the users should think that it will be useful and usable. That’s

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Evolution of the UX-Lite

What makes a product successful? How does a new technology get adopted? Whether business software, a mobile app, or a physical product, there are plenty of examples of products that had a lot of promise but failed, and others that many consider a success. Plenty of books expound theories on developing a successful product (e.g.,

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Do People Use All Available Response Options?

Researchers love to argue about the “right” number of points to use in a rating scale response option. Is the right number five, seven, three, ten, or eleven? The opinions often exceed the data for helping drive the decisions. When there are data, they are often hard to generalize, or they don’t really support the

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Why Do People Hate the Net Promoter Score?

The Net Promoter Score is ubiquitous, with many large organizations using it as a key metric. But despite its widespread adoption, there are vocal critics. It’s been called snake oil, deceptive, fake science, and harmful. In our webinar series and on our website, we’ve addressed several aspects of the NPS, including the enmity toward it.

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Six Ways to Improve Participant Recall

How much did you spend last month on clothing? What grocery stores have you visited in the last three months? How helpful are your Netflix recommendations? Surveys and other research methods (such as in-depth interviewing) often rely on participants recalling prior events or behaviors. For example, these could be about purchasing a product or service

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Campbell’s Law and the Net Promoter Score

To make better decisions, you need data. That’s become a truism. But can the process of using the data lead to bad outcomes? It seems like a hypothetical question, but it doesn’t take long to find a few key metrics that, when tracked, can lead to unwanted outcomes: On-time departures: On-time flight departures for airlines

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How to Write a Survey Question

A blank page can lead to writer’s block. Writing survey questions can also seem like trying to write the Great American Novel. It can be particularly daunting knowing that subtle word changes may lead to unanticipated responses. The good news is that you don’t have to start from scratch each time. Instead, you can follow

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The UMUX-Lite Usefulness Item: Assessing a “Useful” Alternate

When Kraig Finstad (2010) developed the Usability Metric for User Experience (UMUX), his goal was to replace the ten-item System Usability Scale (SUS, a popular measure of perceived usability) with a shorter questionnaire that would (1) correlate highly with the SUS and (2) have item content related to the ISO 9241 Part 11 international standard,

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Sample Sizes for Comparing Net Promoter Scores

Sample size estimation is a critical step in research planning, including when you’re trying to detect differences in measures like Net Promoter Scores. Too small of a sample and you risk not being able to differentiate real differences from sampling error. Too large of a sample and you risk wasting resources—researchers’ and respondents’ time and,

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From Statistical to Practical Significance

Hypothesis testing is one of the most common frameworks for making decisions with data in both scientific and industrial contexts. But this statistical framework, formally called Null Hypothesis Statistics Testing (NHST), can be confusing (and controversial). In an earlier article, we showed how to use the core framework of statistical hypothesis testing: you start with

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