Measuring UX: From the UMUX-Lite to the UX-Lite

For the past few years, we’ve written extensively about our research and usage of the UMUX-Lite. That research has followed the increase in popularity of this compact questionnaire. From its initial publication in 2013, the UMUX-Lite (Usability Metric for User Experience—Lite Version) has become an increasingly popular measure of perceived usability. Figure 1 shows the

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A Review of Alternates for the UMUX-Lite Usefulness Item

The UMUX-Lite is a popular two-item measure of perceived usability that combines perceived ratings of Ease and Usefulness, as shown in Figure 1.     Figure 1: Standard version of the UMUX-Lite (standard item wording with five-point scales). Since we began regularly using the UMUX-Lite in our practice, we’ve had numerous clients ask whether it

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UX and Net Promoter Benchmarks of Drugstore Websites

Drugstores seem to be on every city corner. They are a blend of convenience store, retailer, and pharmacy. Drugstores are a type of mass merchant enterprise, but they fit in a smaller box than their big-box counterparts. According to Kentley Insights, the total 2020 drugstore revenue in the United States was $312.1 billion. Additionally, e-commerce

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Replicating Assessments of Two UMUX-Lite Usefulness Alternates

The original wording of the UMUX-Lite Perceived Usefulness item is “{Product}’s capabilities meet my requirements.” Since we started using the UMUX-Lite in our practice, we’ve had numerous clients ask whether it would be possible to simplify the wording of this item to more closely match the simplicity of the UMUX-Lite Perceived Ease item, “{Product} is

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How to Statistically Analyze Net Promoter Scores

In a famous Harvard Business Review article published in 2003, Fred Reichheld introduced the Net Promoter Score (NPS). The NPS uses a single likelihood-to-recommend (LTR) question (“How likely is it that you would recommend our company to a friend or colleague?”) with 11 scale steps from 0 (Not at all likely) to 10 (Extremely likely).

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UX and Net Promoter Benchmarks of Mass Merchant Websites

With the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on consumer shopping behavior (e.g., increased online shopping for delivery or contactless pickup), mass merchant revenues rose dramatically in 2020 and the first part of 2021. For example, Target reported a $15B sales growth in 2020, higher than its total sales growth over the past 11 years. For another example,

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Campbell’s Law and the Net Promoter Score

To make better decisions, you need data. That’s become a truism. But can the process of using the data lead to bad outcomes? It seems like a hypothetical question, but it doesn’t take long to find a few key metrics that, when tracked, can lead to unwanted outcomes: On-time departures: On-time flight departures for airlines

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Sample Sizes Needed to Exceed NPS Benchmarks

So, you’re planning to collect data and you want to know whether your Net Promoter Score (NPS) is significantly above 50%. Established benchmarks can help research teams know if they’ve reached acceptable thresholds, such as a high Net Promoter Score (e.g., more than 50%). A high NPS is associated with successful product launches. But an NPS

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How to Write a Survey Question

A blank page can lead to writer’s block. Writing survey questions can also seem like trying to write the Great American Novel. It can be particularly daunting knowing that subtle word changes may lead to unanticipated responses. The good news is that you don’t have to start from scratch each time. Instead, you can follow

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How to Compare a Net Promoter Score with a Benchmark

We recently described how to compare two Net Promoter Scores (NPS) statistically using a new method based on adjusted-Wald proportions. In addition to comparing two NPS, researchers sometimes need to compare one NPS with a benchmark. For example, suppose you have data that the average NPS in your industry is 17.5%, and you want to

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