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How to Analyze Click Test Metrics in Stand-Alone Studies

In an earlier article, we reviewed when and why to use click testing. Click testing involves presenting images to participants and tracking where they click based on tasks participants are asked to complete. It’s typically administered using a tool like the MUiQ® platform. As we cover in our short course, click testing tends to be

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UX and NPS Benchmarks of U.S. Government Websites (2024)

We conduct most of our internal SUPR-Q® research on commercial websites in a wide variety of industries, but people who visit government websites also have user experiences. They need government websites to provide information (e.g., national park hours) and services (e.g., downloading a tax document). In general, government websites must work well for a broad

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Top Box, Top-Two Box, Bottom Box, or Net Box?

One box, two box, red box, blue box … Box scoring isn’t just something they do in baseball. Response options for rating scale data are often referred to as boxes because, historically, paper-administered surveys displayed rating scales as a series of boxes to check, like the one in Figure 1. Figure 1: Illustration of “boxes”

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Are Click Scales More Sensitive than Radio Button Scales?

Response scales are a basic type of interface. They should reflect the attitude of the respondent as precisely as possible while requiring as little effort as possible to answer. When collecting data from participants, some wished they could have picked a value between two numbers, for example, 5.5 or 6.5, which can be done with

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You Can Report Percentages with Small Samples, but Should You?

In an earlier article, we demonstrated how it’s completely permissible from a statistical perspective to report numbers when studies have very small sample sizes (fewer than ten people). When you use numbers, you can present them as raw numbers, fractions, or percentages. You can present them in a report, on a train, or on a

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UX and NPS Benchmarks of Flower Delivery Websites (2024)

Mother’s Day is around the corner, and many shoppers will be turning toward online flower delivery services rather than visiting their local florist. Online flower delivery services continue to bloom because of the convenience, the wide selection, and the available personalization options. But when it comes to finding the right bouquet that is delivered fresh

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A Blueprint for Writing Survey Questions

Like with writing an article or book, it can be a challenge to sit down and write survey items. Few professionals have taken a formal course in survey development. Instead, most rely on their experiences or best practices. To help with the process, we wrote Surveying the User Experience. In this article, we take you

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How Long Are Typical Unmoderated UX Tasks?

A common logistical consideration when planning a task-based usability study is how much time you should plan for a task. Many usability studies (especially benchmark studies) suffer from trying to do too many things. That includes asking participants to attempt too many tasks. It’s understandable why tasks get packed in—even low-cost usability testing takes time

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UX and NPS Benchmarks of Banking Websites (2024)

Online banking is ubiquitous. Banking websites and apps are an integral part of our financial lives. They are no longer seen as merely nice-to-have features of a banking relationship. Consumers have come to expect the ability to do simple and complex banking transactions from their computers or phones. This digital transformation especially accelerated during the

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An Experiment Comparing 2D and 1D Bar Graphs

The time it takes to click on an element on a page is a function of its size (Fitts’ Law). People can only keep 7 ± 2 items in short-term memory (Miller’s Magic Number). When multiple similar objects are presented, people will prefer the most different one (Von Restorff Effect). People like to have laws

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Using ChatGPT in Tree Testing:
Experimental Results

Beyond speculation and hyperbole, we’ve been exploring how ChatGPT can be used in UX research. In two earlier articles, we conducted analyses that suggested ChatGPT may have a role, given the right research context. In the first analysis, we found that ChatGPT-4 was able to assist researchers in sorting open-ended comments. In the second analysis,

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